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Often, the question in our mind about the origin of the universe is how the universe was formed? How did these planets, stars and galaxies come into existence? We get answers to all these questions from the Big Bang Theory. But do you know what is the Big Bang Theory Science?
The Big Bang theory helps us learn about the expansion of the universe. In this theory, you will find it in today’s article. So let’s go ahead and know about The Big Bang Theory.
What is the Big Bang Theory?
The Big Bang is a way of telling astronomers about the origin of the universe. It is an idea that states that the universe begins at a single point, then it expands and becomes as big as it is now. Even now the universe is constantly expanding.
How did the Universe Originate?
When the universe began, it was a mixture of infinitely hot, tiny particles with light and energy. It wasn’t exactly what it looks like now. As everything spread, it occupied more space and kept cooling down.
After this, these small particles came together and the atom was formed. Then these atoms joined together. After a long time, these atoms together formed stars and galaxies.
At first, the stars formed large atoms and groups of atoms, which caused the formation of other stars. At the same time, galaxies were colliding and forming groups together. Thus new stars were forming and dying, as well as things like asteroids, comets, planets and black holes.
In 1927, physics professor George Lemaitre proposed a theory about the origin of the universe, known as the Big Bang Theory. On the basis of this principle, the origin and expansion of the universe is imagined.
Most astronomers agree with the Big Bang Theory, but there are some theorists who have alternative explanations other than the Big Bang, such as eternal inflation and an oscillating universe.
It is believed that in the beginning the universe was extremely dense and hot. The entire universe was contained inside a point, which is considered to be the origin of the universe. In this point, the entire physical element and energy were limited. Suddenly an explosion begins to expand, this explosion was not like a bomb explosion, but the Universe starts spreading outwards faster than the speed of light. This is called the period of cosmic inflation, which was for less than a second.
Also Read: – How Old is the Universe?
Cosmic inflation is the theory of exponential expansion of space in the early universe. With this, there is a flood of matter and energy in space, which begins to spread in the universe. All this happens only in the first second after the beginning of the universe, during which the temperature of everything was very hot (5.5 billion Celsius according to NASA).
At the same time, subatomic particles are formed, which were composed of protons, neutrons and electrons. Due to the multiplicity of particles, the formation of hydrogen, helium and lithium was possible. Due to the organization of these particles, the formation of stars and planets was possible. Over the next 13.8 billion years, the universe expanded as much as it is now and it is still spreading.
The Big Bang theory does not explain the initial state of the universe, but describes the general evolution of the universe. The current technology is not developed enough for astronomers to literally peek into the time the universe was born. But all the information that exists about the Big Bang (the origin of the universe) has been obtained from mathematical formulas and models. However, astronomers can see the echo of expansion through a phenomenon known as a cosmic microwave background.
The Big Bang model is based on two assumptions. The first is Albert Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, which correctly describes the gravitational interactions of all substances. The second belief is the cosmological principle, which states that an observer’s view of the universe depends neither on the direction in which it appears nor in its place. This principle applies only to the large-scale properties of the universe.
But this implies that the universe has no edge, so the Big Bang originated not at any particular point in space but throughout space at the same time. Thanks to these two assumptions, it has been possible to assess the expansion of the universe.
Q1) How many years ago did the Big Bang happen?
Ans: The Big Bang occurred 13,800,000,000 years ago.
Q2) Who gave the Big Bang theory Science?
Ans: The theory of the Big Bang was given by the great astronomer, cosmologist and physics professor George Lemaitre in 1927.
I hope you have understood very well what Big Bang Theory is. I have tried my best to bring all the information related to big-bang theory to you so that you do not need to go to any other website regarding this topic. If you liked this information or got to learn something new, please share it on other social media networks.
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