What is Artificial Intelligence (AI) – How does it work in 2023?

What is Artificial Intelligence

Do you know What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)? Artificial intelligence has been in constant discussion for some time now. Artificial intelligence is that branch of computer science, which creates machines that think like humans or mimic human intelligence. In today’s time, the use of AI has increased significantly. All the smart devices we use, Such as smartphones, smart TVs, etc., AI is being used in all of them. It would not be wrong to say that in the coming time we will become completely dependent on AI.

The face lock that we put in our phone and easily search for anything through voice command, it is all amazing with Artificial Intelligence. In today’s article, you will learn everything about Artificial Intelligence, where you will be told about what is Artificial Intelligence (AI), how Artificial Intelligence works, what are the types of AI, History of Artificial Intelligence, what are the advantages and disadvantages, etc. So let’s go ahead and know the complete information of AI.

What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

AI means machines, especially computer systems, that have the ability to think exactly like humans and accomplish tasks. These machines mimic human intelligence processes. Specific applications of AI include expert systems (a computer program), machine vision, speech recognition, and natural language processing. Artificial intelligence is characterized by the ability to tell about someone, including logic, and take action to achieve a specific goal.

Machine learning is a part of AI, in which computer programs can learn on their own and adapt to new data without the help of a human being. Deep learning techniques enable this automated learning by absorbing large amounts of unstructured data such as text, image, video, etc.

Researchers and developers in the field of Artificial Intelligence are progressing with surprisingly fast to mimic activities such as learning, considering and experiencing. Some people believe that soon such systems will also be developed that will surpass the ability of human beings to learn and think.

Example of Artificial Intelligence

  • Siri (Apple’s virtual assistant)
  • Voice Search
  • Google Map (Google Map)
  • Tesla Motor (Tesla Motor)
  • Echo (Amazon Product)
  • Marketing Automation Software

There are many examples of Artificial Intelligence in the world we live in today. Some of which we have told you about in the article.

Apple Siri

What is Artificial Intelligence

Siri is a virtual assistant from Apple company, which is currently only available for iPhone and iPad. This is the most popular voice assistant. You can get any of your work done by speaking Hey Siri. It can make calls for you, set calendars, alarms, times, send messages, etc.

Just like Siri, Amazon has Alexa and Google Assistants. All of them are able to do all these things through artificial intelligence. They use machine learning to understand your language.

Google Maps

What is Artificial Intelligence

Google Map may be used by all of you, but have you wondered how this application tells you the right path? This is amazing about artificial intelligence. Google Maps scans any road information through AI and uses algorithms to tell the user the right path, time taken to reach the location, etc. Millions of people find their way through Google Maps every day.

Google Assistant

What is Artificial Intelligence

Google Assistant is also a Virtual Assistant of Google like Apple Siri, through which you can speak and ask Google anything, and it answers all your questions. Also, you can send messages through Google Assistant, call anyone, set an alarm, open any application in mobile.

You can use Google Assistant on any device. This is also an example of Artificial Intelligence. With the help of Google Assistant, Google can tell you your name, just you have to say – what is Google My Name.

Tesla Motor

What is Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is being used in mobile devices as well as automobiles. You must have heard about Tesla Car, if not, then let us tell you that it is a self-driving car that does not require a driver to run. In the near future, you will also see these cars in India. In addition to self-driving, there are many advance features.

Marketing Automation Software

What is Artificial Intelligence

People use the Marketing Automation Tool for the online growth of their business. You can send emails, chat, etc. through automation software. For example, once a user comes to your website, chatbot opens in front of the user and he asks the user a question, and similarly when a user gives his email to your website, he has automatic emails. All this has been possible only through artificial intelligence.

Apart from all these, there are thousands of examples of Artificial Intelligence around us today.

How Does Artificial Intelligence Work?

Most companies claim to use AI in their products or services, but in reality what they consider AI is only a part of AI, such as machine learning. AI requires a specialized hardware and software for writing and training machine learning algorithms. No programming language is the same as AI, but some that include Python, R, and Java are popular.

In simple language, the Artificial Intelligence (AI) system takes up a large amount of labeled training data to work, then analyzes the data to create interpersonal relationships and patterns, and uses this pattern to predict future conditions.

Using this method, chatbots (a computer program designed to mimic interactions with human users) contain examples of text chats that interact with people. Second, an image recognition tool can learn to identify and describe objects in an image by reviewing millions

The process of Artificial Intelligence generally involves only three processes, whose names are as follows –

  1. Learning Processes – In this aspect of AI programming, data is collected and rules are made to convert it into actionable information. These rules are called algorithms, which provide computing devices with step-by-step instructions to accomplish a specific task.
  2. Reasoning Processes – In this aspect AI programming chooses the right algorithm to achieve its desired outcome.
  3. Self-correction processes – This aspect of AI programming is designed to constantly fix algorithms and ensure the most accurate results.

History of Artificial Intelligence

The name of the person who discovered Artificial Intelligence was Jhon McCarthy, who first used the term Artificial Intelligence in 1950, and shared the information of Artificial Intelligence with the world. Jhon McCarthy is also known as the father of Artificial Intelligence.

Talking about J.Von McCarthy, he was from America and he was a computer scientist as well as a researcher. J.D. McCarthy attended a college workshop named Dartmouth in the U.S. during 1956. During this time, he shared the complete information about Artificial Intelligence well.

Types of Artificial Intelligence (AI) of examples.

Based on functionality, AI is divided into four parts:

Reactive Machines AI

This type of AI includes machines that are operated alone on the present data keeping in mind the current situation only. Reactive AI machines cannot predict from data to assess their future actions. They can only complete predetermined tasks to a limited extent. An example of reactive AI is the famous IBM chess program, which also defeated world champion Garry Kasparov.

Limited Memory AI

This type of AI has the ability to study, inform and make decisions by studying your past data. They have a short period of time or a temporary memory, which is used to store past experience and assess future actions. Self-driving cars use limited memory AI, which uses recently collected data to make quick decisions.

Theory of Mind AI

This is an advanced type of AI technology. It is speculated that machines that fall into this type of category will play a major role in psychology. This type of AI will be primarily focused on emotional intelligence, so that human thoughts can be better understood. Theory of mind is not yet fully developed, but scientists are working rapidly in this field.

Self-aware AI

It would be better if we did not reach this kind of AI. Because in this AI, machines will have their own consciousness and they will become aware, which can become a problem for humans. Given the current circumstances, we are still far from this type of AI. However, it may be possible to access this AI in the future. Geniuses like Elon Musk and Stephen Hawking have consistently warned about the development of AI.

Applications of Artificial Intelligence

AI is used in many Applications which are given below-

AI Robots

What is Artificial Intelligence

These are robots that have the ability to talk, see, walk and recognize obstacles like humans. They may be able to express human-like emotions and even cook. Different robots are built with different characteristics. You must have seen such robots in Hollywood movies like I Robot, Blade Runner and Indian film Robot. Real-life AI robots include Sophia, Flippy 2 and Pepper.

AI and Smart Assistants

What is Artificial Intelligence

AI assistants or digital assistants are assistants that can accomplish any task through voice command, such as Apple’s Siri, Amazon’s Alexa, and Samsung’s Bixby. With the help of these AI assistants, you can do many things like setting timers and reminders in your phone, phone calls, online searches, light on-off and music play.

AI in Healthcare

What is Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence is proving to be the game changer in the field of health care. From robotic surgery to cybercriminals to personal security, AI is improving almost every aspect of the industry. At the same time, along with reducing medical costs, non-essential procedures are also coming down.

With the help of workflow assistants, doctors are able to save time, so virtual assistants are helping to reduce unnecessary hospital visits. AI-based techniques like PathAI help pathologists analyze tissue samples and make more accurate diagnoses. Similarly, Pager, which is an AI based virtual platform, helps the patient in detecting minor pain and ailments.

Self-driving cars

What is Artificial Intelligence

Earlier people used to imagine cars running on their own without a driver, but now it is turning into reality. This has been made possible with the help of AI. Companies like Tesla and Waymo are launching self-driving cars.

These cars have sensors that monitor every event on the road and around the car, such as the speed of the car, the condition of the way, other vehicles, etc. and use artificial intelligence for the right adjustment. These cars can run on their own without humans or drivers and reach the destination.

AI in Social Media

What is Artificial Intelligence

Today social media, such as Facebook, Twitter and Telegram, is in constant battle to personalize and develop meaningful user experiences. The use of artificial intelligence in the industry is increasing rapidly. With the ability to organize vast amounts of data, identify images, introduce chatbots , ChatGpt, and predict culture changes, AI is very valuable to the industry.

AI in Travel and Transportation

What is Artificial Intelligence

The use of Artificial Intelligence in Travel and Transportation has become a mega trend. From arranging travel, to finding an efficient way to go home after work, people are increasingly using AI. AI-based chatbots answer travel-related questions by talking to customers like humans.

Thanks to AI, the travel industry is undergoing rapid changes. Through AI-based apps like Google Maps, we can easily get information related to the routes and also find the nearest petrol pump, shops, restaurants, etc.

AI In agriculture

What is Artificial Intelligence

It is used to check the quality of crops and soil in the field.

With the help of AI technology, the shortcomings of the soil can be identified. And that soil can be improved. So that a good crop can be prepared.

Space Exploration

What is Artificial Intelligence

Most missions related to space are unmanned, that is, their complete control is automatic. AI is used to accomplish this task well. AI contributes 100 percent to some space-related tasks that can be risky for humans. In such a situation, space exploration is not possible without AI.

In manufacturing industry

What is Artificial Intelligence

Construction industries require the most labor and hard work. Therefore, the use of AI has proved to be very beneficial for these industries. NOT only time and labor, but also financially, AI benefits a lot. The manufacturing industry has been completely transformed by the use of AI based machines. Although machines were used earlier, most machines were operated manually, so human labor was required. AI-based machines are fully automatic.

Advantages of Artificial Intelligence

  • AI is beneficial for expansion-oriented jobs.
  • Time is saved by completing big tasks quickly.
  • AI continues to work.
  • AI-powered virtual agents are always available.
  • AI can enhance the functionality of persons with disabilities.
  • The use of AI in machines can increase production.
  • AI facilitates decision making by making the process faster and smarter.

Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence

  • Quite expensive.
  • There are very few qualified workers to build AI tools.
  • Excessive use of AI-based machines can increase unemployment.
  • It can make humans lazy and reduce physical activity .
  • AI requires deep technical expertise.


It is clear from the things mentioned above that the coming stages is the stages of Artificial Intelligence. Machines will be able to do everything that a human being can do. How we want to incorporate it in our lives will depend on us. Hope you liked my article “What is Artificial Intelligence (AI) and how it works”. I have made every effort on my part to convey all the information related to AI to you. If you liked this information and got to learn something new, please share it with others.

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